The Role of the LDAC
The LDAC's mandate is to promote quality legislation(external link). It does this in three ways:
- By providing advice to departments early in the development of policy and legislation to resolve problems in the design of legislation and to identify potential public and constitutional law issues.
- By setting standards through the publication of Guidelines (endorsed by Cabinet), and supplementary material to support the Guidelines.
- By scrutinising Government Bills that come before Parliament.
The LDAC also runs seminars on legislative design. The LDAC is not concerned with the policy objectives of legislation; its focus is on good legislative practice and public law issues.
The LDAC’s members include experienced government officials with backgrounds in law, policy and economics; experienced legal practitioners, academics, and regulators. The Parliamentary Counsel Office provides secretarial assistance.
The three aspects of the LDAC’s role
The LDAC provides advice to departments early in the development of policy and legislation (prior to a Bill's introduction) so that advice can be incorporated into legislation design and a department's instructions to the Parliamentary Counsel Office. The LDAC assesses and advises on new Bills against the Legislation Guidelines (2018 edition) in order to resolve problems in the design of legislation and to identify potential public and constitutional law issues. However, nothing restricts the ability of the LDAC to comment on any matter relating to a Bill that it considers appropriate in the interests of encouraging high-quality legislation.
Bills are identified for LDAC consultation through the annual legislation programme. Officials must indicate whether they intend to refer a Bill to the LDAC in legislation bids seeking priority for a Bill on the legislation programme(external link). Officials must seek Ministerial approval to consult with LDAC if it was not addressed through legislation bids.
For further information for officials about consulting with LDAC before a Bill is introduced, see Engaging with LDAC.
The LDAC sets standards for good legislation by taking over responsibility for the Legislation Guidelines (2018 edition). The Guidelines provide advice and direction about the process of developing legislation and the need for new laws to maintain consistency with basic legal principles. They also provide specific guidance about particular elements of the content of legislation such as the creation of criminal offences, other remedies and the delegation of legislative power.
The Legislation Guidelines (2018 edition) are a valuable resource for departmental legal teams and those working in government. Ongoing updates keep pace with changes in legal thinking and practice. The Guidelines have been endorsed by Cabinet, and Ministers and their officials are required to state in Cabinet papers(external link) seeking approval of Bills for introduction whether any aspects of a Bill depart from the default principles in the Guidelines and to justify any departure.
The LDAC is available for advice and assistance in relation to the application of the Guidelines. It can answer questions about how to translate policy into quality legislation.
On occasion, Government Bills may be reviewed after their introduction against the Legislation Guidelines (2018 edition). If the review raises issues of inconsistency with the Guidelines, the LDAC through a subcommittee of public service and non-public service members may make a submission to the relevant Select Committee. The subcommittee only reviews Bills that the LDAC has not engaged with before introduction. The LDAC does not scrutinise Bills for their policy content but to ensure that they represent good legislative practice.
Where the LDAC sits in the legislative process